A cybernetic perspective on methods and process models in collaborative designing
Cybernetic thinking provides a framework to understand the issues in creating and using methods and process models during collaborative designing. It can help understand what takes place while the creation and use is unfolding. This viewpoint allows methods and process models to be framed as aiding human decision-making, and as supporting the organisation of design activities. It casts light on how a team acts and what are they doing to solve design problems, by considering that they react to changes in the perceived solution state or goal state. Cybernetics thus provides an articulation of mechanisms for doing design. By identifying virtues that support creation and use of methods and process models during designing, cybernetics could thus help teams to design more effectively. This article considers the creation and use of process models and methods in design from a cybernetic perspective. We suggest that a process model and method are similar in nature, in that they both give guidance for progressing the design according to the circumstances encountered. Cybernetic principles are interpreted to help understand the role of modelling and method use in design process evolution.