Gravity-dominated unequal-mass black hole collisions

Sperhake, Ulrich ; Berti, Emanuele ; Cardoso, Vitor ; Pretorius, Frans (2016-02-04)


We continue our series of studies of high-energy collisions of black holes investigating unequalmass, boosted head-on collisions in four dimensions. We show that the fraction of the center-of-mass energy radiated as gravitational waves becomes independent of mass ratio and approximately equal to 13% at large energies. We support this conclusion with calculations using black hole perturbation theory and Smarr’s zero-frequency limit approximation. These results lend strong support to the conjecture that the detailed structure of the colliding objects is irrelevant at high energies.