# Exceptional collections, and the Néron–Severi lattice for surfaces

Article

We work out properties of smooth projective varieties X over a (not necessarily algebraically closed) field $\textit{k}$ that admit collections of objects in the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves D$^{b}$(X) that are either full exceptional, or numerically exceptional of maximal length. Our main result gives a necessary and sufficient condition on the Néron–Severi lattice for a smooth projective surface S with χ(O$_{S}$)=1 to admit a numerically exceptional collection of maximal length, consisting of line-bundles. As a consequence we determine exactly which complex surfaces with p$_{g}$=q=0 admit a numerically exceptional collection of maximal length. Another consequence is that a minimal geometrically rational surface with a numerically exceptional collection of maximal length is rational.