Simultaneous Localization, Calibration, and Tracking in an ad Hoc Sensor Network

Unknown author (2005-04-26)

We introduce Simultaneous Localization and Tracking (SLAT), the problem of tracking a target in a sensor network while simultaneously localizing and calibrating the nodes of the network. Our proposed solution, LaSLAT, is a Bayesian filter providing on-line probabilistic estimates of sensor locations and target tracks. It does not require globally accessible beacon signals or accurate ranging between the nodes. When applied to a network of 27 sensor nodes, our algorithm can localize the nodes to within one or two centimeters.