A Method for Computing Spectral Reflectance

Unknown author (1984-12-01)

Psychophysical experiments show that the perceived colour of an object is relatively independent of the spectrum of the incident illumination and depends only on the surface reflectance. We demonstrate a possible solution to this undetermined problem by expanding the illumination and surface reflectance in terms of a finite number of basis functions. This yields a number of nonlinear equations for each colour patch. We show that given a sufficient number of surface patches with the same illumination it is possible to solve these equations up to an overall scaling factor. Generalizations to the spatial dependent situation are discussed. We define a method for detecting material changes and illustrate a way of detecting the colour of a material at its boundaries and propagating it inwards.