Representation and Recognition of the Movement of Shapes
The problems posed by the representation and recognition of the movements of 3-D shapes are analyzed. A representation is proposed for the movements of shapes that lie within the scope of Marr & Nishihara's (1978) 3-D model representation of static shapes. The basic problem is, how to segment a stream of movement into pieces each of which can be described separately. The representation proposed here is based upon segmenting a movement at moments when a component axis, e.g. an arm, starts to move relative to its local coordinate frame (here, the torso). So that for example walking is divided into a sequence of the stationary states between each swing of the arms and legs, and the actual motions between the stationary points (relative to the torso, not the ground). This representation is called the state-motion-state (SMS) moving shape representation, and several examples of its application are given.